A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop in the course of a stream or river. Waterfalls also occur where meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf.
Block, Cascade, Cataract, Chute, Fan, Frozen, Horsetail, Plunge, Punchbowl, Segmented, Slide, Tiered, Multi-step. The Types or categories of waterfalls. Defined as the most identifiable, obvious or prevalent form a waterfall takes as it descends.
When out making images of waterfalls, my workflow includes spending some time watching the water flow. In finished prints I like to see the place where the water “lands”. I feel cut off if the waterfall photo doesn’t show me the landing zone. It’s often the brightest of the tonalities in the photograph so I pay particular attention to exposing correctly for those highlights.
Speaking of highlights, In many really good examples of waterfall photography, you may notice that the photos are taken in the shade. I avoid distracting “speckled sun”, and rarely photograph waterfalls in full sun, although parts of the falls may be wonderfully exposed with a bit of sunlight. Here are a few examples.